Post-Schism Orthodox Saints (Dictionnaire de Spiritualité)

Originally posted 2/21/2011.

The 1995 Tables Generales of the Dictionnaire de Spiritualité puts (SAINT) or (SAINTE) next to the name of men and women who are recognized as saints by the Catholic Church.

Column numbers are in parentheses.


The (SAINT) label is absent for the following:
*Alexis Stefanovich [†1781] (16)
*Andrew of Mechtchovsk [†1812] (27)
*Andrew of Totma [†1673] (27)
*Anthony Alexeivich of Zadonsk [†1851] (33)
*Patriarch Athanasius I of Constantinople [†1310] (46; mentioned in VIII:1362)
*Athanasius of Paros (46; mentioned in X:11)
*Basil the Blessed of Moscow [†1551] (60)
*Patriarch Callistus I of Constantinople [1350-1354, 1355-1363] (97; mentioned in XII:1342)
*Metropolitan Cyprian of Kiev and Moscow [†1406] (149; mentioned in XIII:1163)
*Cyprian of Suzdal [†1662] (150; mentioned in V:759)
*Cyril of Belozersk [†1427] (150; mentioned in V:758)
*Metropolitan Daniel of Moscow [r. 1522-1539; †1547] (152; mentioned in XIII:1168)
*Euphemius Popop the Fool-for-Christ [†1860] (206)
*Metropolitan Eustathius of Thessalonica [†1194] (207; article by Jean Darrouzes in IV:1712-1714)
*Patriarch Euthymius of Tarnovo [1325-1400] (202; article by Jean Darrouzes in IV:1724-1725)
*ex-Catholic Patriarch Gennadius II Scholarius of Constantinople [r. 1453-1456, 1458, 1462-1463, 1464; †1472] (252; article by Jean Darrouzes in VI:209-211)
*George the Fool-for-Christ of Shenkursk (253; mentioned in V:759)
*Monk George of the Caves of Zarub (253; mentioned in XIII:1151)
*George Zatvornik the Recluse [†1836] (254)
*Patriarch Germanus II of Constantinople [†1240] (256; article by Jean Darrouzes in VI:311)
*Metropolitan Hilarion of Kiev [1051-1055] (300; mentioned in XIII:1147)
*ex-Catholic Isidore of Rostov [†1474] (327)
*James Borovichi the Fool-for-Christ of Novgorod [†1540] (727; mentioned in V:759)
*John of Ephesus [†1455] (348)
*John of Kronstadt [1829-1908] (339; article by François Rouleau in VIII:447-449)
*John Mauropos (352)
*John the Fool-for-Christ of Moscow [†1589] (344)
*John the Hairy of Rostov [†1580] (354)
*John Salos [†1490] (353)
*Leo of Ochrid [†1055-1056] (400; article by Daniel Stiernon in IX:623-625)
*Leontius of Jerusalem [1176-1184/1185] (402; article by Daniel Stiernon in IX:664-666)
*Mark of Ephesus [1392-1445] (431; article by Daniel Stiernon in X:267-272)
*ex-Catholic Maximus the Greek [1470-1556] (454; article by Daniel Stiernon in X:847-851)
*Michael of Klops [†1453] (467; mentioned in V:759)
*Nicholas of Pskov (497)
*Nicodemus the Hagiorite [1749-1809] (495; article by Daniel Stiernon in XI:234-250)
*Paisius Velichkovsky [1722-1794] (519; article by Aimé Solignac in XII:40),
*Peter of Damascus [†12th c.] (552)
*Philaret of Moscow [1782-1867] (546; article by Jan Krajcar in XII:1277-1279)
*Philip the Solitary [†1105] (547; article by Aimé Solignac in XII:1323-1325)
*Patriarch Philotheus Coccinus of Constantinople [r. 1353-1354, 1364-1376; †1377] (548; article by Aimé Solignac in XII:1389-1392)
*Theophan the Recluse [1815-1894] (671; article by Tomáš Cardinal Špidlík, S.J. in XV:517-522): in the New Catholic Encyclopedia XIV:911, G. A. Maloney says: “Except for a few doctrinal errors inherited from his Protestant–tinged professors, his general teaching is quite acceptable to Catholics… As to the dogmatic teachings of the church and his view of Rome in general, he repeated the prejudices of his environment. To him, the Catholic church was just another sect terrorized by the Inquisition and a despotic pope who attributed to himself divine qualities. Zatvornik’s works are thoroughly patristic in character. They contain the best traditional Orthodox teaching on the spiritual life and are, for the most part, also in harmony with the teachings of the Catholic Church.”
*Metropolitan Theophylact [?] of Kiev (672; mentioned in XIII:1145)
*Theophylact of Ochrid (672; article by Gerhard Podskalsky in XV:542-546)
*Xenia the Fool-for-Christ of St. Petersburg [†1803] (727; mentioned in V:759)

The official, public ecclesiastical veneration of saints who were known to have written against the teachings of the Catholic Church presupposes the moral (but not necessarily historical) certainty that these persons died after being received formally into the Catholic Church or explicitly desiring to enter the Catholic Church; for example, St. Gregory Palamas of Thessalonica (1296-1359), canonized by the Orthodox Church in 1368 and officially accepted as a saint by the Catholic Church in 1973. See Huysman, Will R. “False Ecumenism.” The Banana Republican. 8 Dec. 2010. 21 Feb. 2011 <https://thebananarepublican1.wordpress.com/2011/02/16/false-ecumenism/>.

Even though Sts. Photius the Great (549; article by Pélopidas Stephanou in XII:1397-1408), Gregory Palamas of Thessalonica [1296-1359] (520; article by Fr. John Meyendorff in XII:81-107), Anthony of Kiev [983-1073] (34; mentioned in VI:966), Theodosius of Kiev [†1074] (669; mentioned in XIII:1146,1148 and not identified with Theodosius Pechersky in 670; X:1592), and Cyril of Turov [1130-1182] (150; mentioned in XIII:1150,1157) are Catholic saints, they are not labeled as such in the 1995 TG of DS. Even though the Byzantine Ruthenian Metropolitan Church of Pittsburgh officially venerates St. Nicephorus the Hesychast [†1300], portrayed in Orthodox sources as an ex-Catholic, on May 5, he is not listed as a saint (494; article by Daniel Stiernon in XI:198-203) in the DS.

The following are labeled as saints in the 1995 Tables Generales:
*Metropolitan Alexis of Moscow [r. 1354-1378] (15) – omitted from Russian Catholic Liturgy in 1940
*Euphrosyne of Polotsk [†1173] (187; mentioned in XIII:1148)
*Bishop Euthymius of Novgorod [1396-1458] (207; mentioned in XIV:200)
*George the Hagiorite [†1065] (254; article by John Kirchmeyer in VI:240-242)
*Germanus the Hagiorite a.k.a. George Maroules of Thessalonica [†1336] (256; mentioned in XII:1391)
*Joseph of Volokolamsk (Possessor) [1440-1515] (364; not labeled as Catholic saint in article by Tomáš Cardinal Špidlík, S.J. in VIII:1408-1411)
*Leontius of Rostov [†1077] (402; mentioned in XIII:1148,1154) – Russian Catholics invoke him in the prothesis of the Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom
*Maximus the Hut-Dweller [†1365] (454; article in V:757)
*Nicetas of Pereaslavl [†1186] (494)
*Nil Sorsky (Non-Possessor) [1433-1508] (500)
*Metropolitan Peter of Moscow [†1326] (551; mentioned in XIII:1163) – omitted from Russian Catholic Liturgy in 1940; in communion with Rome for a while according to Andrew Shipman
*Seraphim of Sarov [1759-1833] (636; not labeled as Catholic saint in article by Tomáš Cardinal Špidlík, S.J. in XIV:632-636) – anti-Catholic according to the Diveyevo Chronicle quoted in Saint Seraphim of Sarov: A Spiritual Biography by Archimandrite Lazarus Moore [1902-1992] (New Sarov Press 1994), p. 239
*Sergius of Radonezh [1314-1392] (637) – also in Roman Martyrology September 25
*Stephen of Perm [1340-1396] (203; mentioned in XIV:200) – also in Roman Martyrology April 26
*Tikhon of Zadonsk [1724-1783] (680; not labeled as Catholic saint in article by Tomáš Cardinal Špidlík, S.J. in XV:960-964)

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