From my recent paper (“St. Paul on Jesus Christ, ‘Our Great God and Savior'”):
Being a creature and being the Creator are incompatible. For St. Paul, Christ is clearly the Creator, and there was no “time when [Christ] was not,” as the impious Arius said. “In Him all things in Heaven and on earth were created, things visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or powers—all things have been created through Him and for Him” (Colossians 1:16; qtd. in Prat). He is not only the efficient cause (“in Him” and “through Him”) of all angels, humans, and other beings, but is also their final cause, the end “for” Whom everything was made. As the Creator Who “Himself is before all things,” it is also His role to sustain the universe, according to St. Paul: “in Him all things hold together” (1:17; qtd. in Prat). In other words, “He sustains all things by His powerful word” (Hebrews 1:3). St. Paul did not write the “Letter to the Hebrews,” but all its ideas and contents are Pauline, so that we may truly say that the letter is of “Apostolic origin” (Fonck). Therefore there is nothing to prevent us from employing its testimony in this paper in order to illustrate Pauline Christology.
- Fonck, Leopold. “Epistle to the Hebrews.” The Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 7. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 7 May 2010 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07181a.htm>.
- Prat, Ferdinand. “St. Paul.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 11. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 7 May 2010 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11567b.htm>.