Antipope Sylvester III Bibliography

Originally posted 1/20/2010.

Update 6/10/2010: I regard Sylvester III (r. 1/20/1045-2/10/1045; †1063) as an antipope rivaling the true pope, the notoriously wicked Benedict IX, because, as Dr. Warren H. Caroll says, “there is no power on earth which may depose a Pope. Any duly elected Pope remains therefore in office until he dies or resigns.”{1}

Notes & References
{1} Carroll, Dr. Warren H. “Anti-Popes.” Eternal World Television Network. 10 Jun. 2010 <>.

Here is the bibliography:
*ÉMILE AMANN, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique, ed. A. Vacant (Paris 1941) 14.2:2083-2084.
*F. BAIX and J. LADIN, Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques, ed. A. BAUDRILLART et al. (Paris 1934) 8:99–101.
*GEOFFREY BARRACLOUGH, The Medieval Papacy (New York 1968) 71.
*Liber Pontificalis, ed. LOUIS DUCHESNE (Paris 1892) 270.
*J. N. D. KELLY, Oxford Dictionary of Popes (Oxford 1986) 144.
*HORACE KINDER MANN, The Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages from 590 to 1304 (London 1910) 5:249,250,252-253,254,256,259-260,276.
*FRANZ XAVER SEPPELT, Geschichte der Päpste von den Anfängen bis zur Mitte des 20. Jh. (Munich 1934) 2:405–408.
*JAMES A. SHEPPARD, “Sylvester III, Pope,” New Catholic Encyclopedia (Detroit 2003) 13:659.
*JOHANNES MATTHIAS WATTERICH, Pontificum Romanorum qui fuerunt inde ab exeunte saeculo IX usque ad finem saeculi XIII vitae (Leipzig 1862) 1:70,72-76,713-715.
*HARALD ZIMMERMANN, Papstabsetzungen des Mittelalters (Graz, Vienna, Cologne, 1968).

One Response to Antipope Sylvester III Bibliography

  1. […] II, & Damasus II 3. It seems that the infamous Benedict IX did not have three terms as pope. Sylvester III (1/20/1045-3/10/1045; †1063) was an intruder, because he usurped the throne of Benedict IX. Dr. Warren Carroll says, […]

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