Quran translations come from A. J. Arberry’s 1955 masterful The Koran Interpreted, and Bible translations from the Dhouay Rheims version at NewAdvent.org.
(1) Sons of Noah
Sura 11:42-43 Hud: So it ran with them amid waves like mountains; and Noah called to his son, who was standing apart, ‘Embark with us, my son, and be thou not with the unbelievers!’ He said, ‘I will take refuge in a mountain, that shall defend me from the water.’ Said he, ‘Today there is no defender from God’s command but for him on whom He has mercy.’ And the waves came between them, and he was among the drowned.
Gen 6:8-10,18: But Noah found grace before the Lord. These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a just and perfect man in his generations, he walked with God. And he begot three sons, Sem, Cham, and Japheth. … And I will establish My covenant with thee, and thou shalt enter into the ark, thou and thy sons, and thy wife, and the wives of thy sons with thee.
(2) Only Begotten Son
Sura 19:35 Maryam: It is not for God to take a son unto Him. Glory be to Him! When He decrees a thing, He but says to it ‘Be,’ and it is.
Sura 112:1-3 Al-Ikhlaas: Say: ‘He is God, One, God, the Everlasting Refuge, Who has not begotten, and has not been begotten…
Ps 2:7: The Lord hath said to Me: Thou art My Son, this day have I begotten Thee.
Jn 1:14: And the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us (and we saw His glory, the glory as it were of the only begotten of the Father), full of grace and truth.
Jn 3:16: For God so loved the world, as to give His only begotten Son: that whosoever believeth in Him may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
Heb 1:3,5-14: Who being the brightness of His glory and the figure of His substance and upholding all things by the word of His power, making purgation of sins, sitteth on the right hand of the majesty on high … For to which of the angels hath He said at any time: Thou art My Son, today have I begotten thee? And again: I will be to Him a Father, and He shall be to Me a Son? And again, when He bringeth in the first begotten into the world, He saith: And let all the angels of God adore Him. And to the angels indeed He saith: He that maketh His angels spirits and His ministers a flame of fire. But to the Son: Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever: a sceptre of justice is the sceptre of Thy kingdom. Thou hast loved justice and hated iniquity: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed Thee with the oil of gladness above Thy fellows. And: Thou in the beginning, O Lord, didst found the earth: and the works of Thy hands are the heavens. They shall perish: but Thou shalt continue: and they shall all grow old as a garment. And as a vesture shalt Thou change them, and they shalt be changed. But Thou art the selfsame: and Thy years shall not fail. But to which of the angels said He at any time: Sit on My right hand, until I make Thy enemies Thy footstool? Are they not all ministering spirits, sent to minister for them who shall receive the inheritance of salvation?
(3) Jesus Was Crucified
Sura 4:157 An-Nisaa: And for their saying, ‘We slew the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, the Messenger of God’ — yet they did not slay him, neither crucified him, only a likeness of that was shown to them. Those who are at variance concerning him surely are in doubt regarding him; they have no knowledge of him, except the following of surmise; and they slew him not of a certainty — no indeed…
Acts 2:36: Therefore let all the house of Israel know most certainly that God hath made both Lord and Christ, this same Jesus, Whom you have crucified.
(4) Johns Before St. John the Baptist
Sura 19:7 Maryam: ‘O Zachariah, We give thee good tidings of a boy, whose name is John. No namesake have We given him aforetime.’
4 Ki 25:23: And when all the captains of the soldiers had heard this, they and the men that were with them, to wit, that the king of Babylon had made Godolias governor they came to Godolias to Maspha, Ismael, the son of Nathanias, and Johanan, the son of Caree, and Saraia, the son of Thanehumeth, the Netophathite, and Jezonias, the son of Maachathi, they and their men.
1 Chr 3:15,24: And the sons of Josias were, the firstborn Johanan, the second Joakim, the third Sedecias, the fourth Sellum. … The sons of Elioenai, Oduia, and Eliasub, and Pheleia, and Accub, and Johanan, and Dalaia, and Anani, seven.
1 Chr 6:9-10: Achimaas begot Azarias, Azarias begot Johanan, Johanan begot Azarias. This is he that executed the priestly office in the house which Solomon built in Jerusalem.
1 Macc 2:1-2: In those days arose Mathathias, the son of John, the son of Simeon, a priest of the sons of Joarib, from Jerusalem, and he abode in the mountain of Modin: And he had five sons: John, who was surnamed Gaddis…
1 Macc 16:19: And he sent others to Gazara to kill John: and to the tribunes he sent letters to come to him, and that he would give them silver, and gold, and gifts.
(5) Mooing Golden Calf
Sura 20:88 Taa-Haa: Then he brought out for them a Calf, a mere body that lowed; and they said, ‘This is your god, and the god of Moses, whom he has forgotten.’
Is 46:6-7: You that contribute gold out of the bag, and weigh out silver in the scales: and hire a goldsmith to make a god: and they fall down and worship. They bear him on their shoulders and carry him, and set him in his place, and he shall stand, and shall not stir out of his place. Yea, when they shall cry also unto him, he shall not hear: he shall not save them from tribulation.
Jer 10:4-5: He hath decked it with silver and gold: he hath put it together with nails and hammers, that it may not fall asunder. They are framed after the likeness of a palm tree, and shall not speak: they must be carried to be removed, because they cannot go. Therefore fear them not, for they can neither do evil nor good.
Bar 6:7: For their tongue that is polished by the craftsman, and themselves laid over with gold and silver, are false things, and they cannot speak.
(6) Moses Adopted by Pharaoh’s Daughter
Sura 28:9 Al-Qasas: Said Pharaoh’s wife, ‘He will be a comfort to me and thee. Slay him not; perchance he will profit us, or we will take him for a son.’ And they were not aware.
Ex 2:9-10: And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her: “Take this child, and nurse him for me: I will give thee thy wages.” The woman took and nursed the child: and when he was grown up, she delivered him to Pharaoh’s daughter. And she adopted him for a son, and called him Moses, saying: “Because I took him out of the water.”
(7) Virgin Mary Is Not One of the Trinity
Sura 5:116 Al-Maaida: And when God said, ‘O Jesus son of Mary, didst thou say unto men, “Take me and my mother as gods, apart from God”?’ He said, ‘To Thee be glory! It is not mine to say what I have no right to. If I indeed said it, Thou knowest it, knowing what is within my soul, and I know not what is within Thy soul; Thou knowest the things unseen.
Mt 28:19: Going therefore, teach ye all nations: baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost.
1 Cor 6:11,19-20: And such some of you were. But you are washed: but you are sanctified: but you are justified: in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ and the Spirit of our God. … Or know you not that your members are the temple of the Holy Ghost, Who is in you, Whom you have from God: and you are not your own? For you are bought with a great price. Glorify and bear God in your body.
1 Jn 5:7: And there are Three Who give testimony in Heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost. And these three are one.
(8) Blessed Virgin Mary was the Daughter of St. Joachim
Sura 66:12 At-Tahrim: And Mary, Imran’s daughter, who guarded her virginity, so We breathed into her of Our Spirit, and she confirmed the Words of her Lord and His Books, and became one of the obedient.
Lk 3:23: And Jesus Himself was beginning about the age of thirty years: being (as it was supposed) the son of Joseph, who was of Heli, who was of Mathat…
WRH: I am of the school of thought that St. Luke the Evangelist traces the biological ancestry of Jesus through His holy Mother; I aim to demonstrate this in another post. Heli stands for Heliachim, who later became known as Joachim. Recall just two parallel examples: Abram became St. Abraham, and Saul became St. Paul the Apostle.
(9) Blessed Virgin Mary Not Sister of St. Aaron
Sura 19:28 Maryam: Sister of Aaron, thy father was not a wicked man, nor was thy mother a woman unchaste.
Nu 26:58-59: These are the families of Levi: The family of Lobni, the family of Hebroni, the family of Core. Now Caath begot Amram: Who had to wife Jochabed the daughter of Levi, who was born to him in Egypt. She bore to her husband Amram sons, Aaron and Moses, and Mary their sister.
WRH: The false prophet Muhammad confused the Blessed Virgin Mary with a Mary from Old Testament times.